Carl schmitt, political theology, four chapters on the. Carl schmitt and medieval christian political thought1 phillip w. Four new chapters on the concept of sovereignty columbia university press. This definition, provided by hanna pitkin in her celebrated book on the subject, contrasts strongly with most modem discussions of politi. Four chapters on the concept of sovereignty is one of the most famous, as well as one of the most obscure, books in twentiethcentury political theory.
Carl schmitt the wiley blackwell companion to political theology. But schmitts legacy has been, to say the least, both fraught and often under represented in so much of the discussions about the meaning of the expression political theology itself. He aim is to understand what schmitt meant by a catholic intensification in the relationship between theology and political theory. Saul newman, stirner and the critique of political theology, telos. Carl schmitt was a conservative german jurist, political theorist, and prominent member of the. Carl schmitts postwar reassessment the essay examines the pronounced theological turn of the late carl schmitt, especially in his politische theologie ii 1970. Carl schmitt was a survivor of some bloody hell years in germany and he was a prisoner of the victors during the war crime trials that followed world war ii, who did not press charges against him, before schmitt wrote. Schmitt, among other things, is generally credited with establishing the subdiscipline. Noted ecotheologian and feminist philosopher of religion catherine keller reads the feedback loop of political and ecological depredation as secularized apocalypse. One is the sense of schmitt that politics begins to appropriate notions from theology as societ. Political theology by carl schmitt colchester collection. Mitchell dean, three forms of democratic political acclamation, telos 179 summer 2017. Schmitts argument that political concepts are secularized theological concepts has also recently been seen as consequential for those.
Schmitt is often considered to be one of the most important critics of liberalism, parliamentary democracy, and liberal cosmopolitanism. Carl schmitt and medieval christian political thought hu m a n i ta s 177 two, sometimes overlapping meanings. Carl schmitt, political theology, four chapters on the concept of sovereignty. The specific political distinction to which political actions and motives can be reduced is that between friend and enemy. Political theology of carl schmitt oxford handbooks. Part polemic, part selfvindication for his involvement in the national socialist german workers party nsdap, this is schmitt s most theological reflection on christianity and its concept of sovereignty following the second vatican council. Aug 16, 2016 carl schmitt s political theology by john david ebert. Martin bubers biblical critique of carl schmitt scholars at harvard. Marcus schulzke, redefining the friendenemy distinction in the war on terror, telos 175 summer 2016. Written in the intense political and intellectual tumult of the early years of the weimar republic, political theology develops the distinctive theory of sovereignty that made carl schmitt one of the most significant and controversial political theorists of the twentieth century. Jan 24, 2011 political theology 1922, carl schmitt. Jan 17, 2018 it was the german juridical theorist and philosopher carl schmitt who gave us the term political theology. Sep 28, 2009 but nowhere does voegelin quote carl schmitts famous work, political theology, published in 1922.
New york, 2011 adam thurschwell this is an important book, one that ought to be read by anyone interested in the relevance of carl schmitts thought for contemporary democratic theory and even more so by those who believe. Carl schmitt once defined himself as a theologian of jurisprudence. Carl schmitt, political theology, four chapters on the concept of. Political theology is now a fixture within political theorys lexicon. His work remains very controversial, but his ideas allow us to think through some of the old problems of political philosophy in a fresh light. Irruption and play in carl schmitts thought, telos 175 summer 2016. Four chapters on the concept of sovereignty university of chicago press ed by schmitt, carl, strong, tracy b. Political theology by carl schmitt overdrive rakuten. Carl schmitt and medieval christian political thought hu m a n i ta s 175 political theology and the theology of politics. The goal of carl schmitt in political theology is to give a justification of a strong sovereign state and to examine the conditions under which this sovereign would draw its power from. A fascist philosopher helps us understand contemporary politics.
Week 6 carl schmitt on the contradiction between parliamentariam and. Carl schmitts political theology by john david ebert youtube. Political theology four chapters on the concept of sovereignty. Written in the intense political and intellectual tumult of the early years of the weimar republic, political theology develops the distinctive theory of sovereignty that made carl schmitt one of the most significant and controversial political th. Sovereign is he who decides on the exception and all. This paper does not challenge this turn, but questions what theology means for schmitt. Carl schmitt 18881985 was a conservative german legal, constitutional, and political theorist. Schmitts analysis begins with the statement sovereign is he who decides on the exception schmitt. Carl schmitt the crisis of parliamentary liberalism the concept of the political the weimar republic sourcebook p.
Carl schmitt translated by george schwab foreword by tracy b. The theological turn in studies of carl schmitt is pronounced. In the 1930s peterson challenged schmitt s central tenet, the possibility of an analogy between the divine and the human realms, the foundation of. Carl schmitt, political theology, four chapters on the concept of sovereignty, george schwab trans.
Emden published on hgerman october, 2006 there can be little doubt that carl schmitt s political theology. Carl schmitt s political theory of representation duncan kelly i. Review of carl schmitts the concept of the political. Gray city university of hong kong in societies where religion plays a strong and important role, the institutions of the society reflect the religion. Carl schmitt is one of the most controversial and influential political philosophers and political jurists of the 20 th century. Jan 11, 2016 carl schmitt on political power carl schmitt 18881985 is one of the most influential conservative political thinkers of the 20th century. The political theory of carl schmitt attack the system. The university of chicago press chicago and london. Carl schmitt s political theology of the sovereign exception sheds light on present ideological warfare. A true guerrilla peoples war guerillavolkskriegone that would have to. Political theology ii the myth of the closure of any political theology 1970, english translation 2008. This chapter argues that his concept of political theology must be understood within the context of jurisprudence and not as a thesis concerning the use of religion within politics.
Carl schmitt is one of the most controversial and influential political philosophers and political jurists of the 20th century. Strauss and schmitt were once close professionally. Schmitt and voegelins books share at least one theme. But schmitt argues, in political theology, that such attempts to get rid of sovereignty cannot be successful. His works have influenced everyone from the new left, including the likes of derrida and foucault, and those on the right, most notably leo strauss. His work has been a major influence on subsequent political theory, legal theory, continental. Schmitt s critics, from scandalized fellow catholics to selfproclaimed liberaldemocrats, have maintained that his distinction between liberalism and. Carl schmitt on political power philosophical explorations. The analysis discusses the earliest phase of the debate on political theology between carl schmitt 18881985 and his former friend, the church historian and theologian erik peterson 18901960. In its earlier configuration, schmitt s political theology is a multifaceted response to two juridical critiques of sovereignty. Apr 03, 2020 carl schmitt, born july 11, 1888, plettenberg, westphalia, prussia germanydied april 7, 1985, plettenberg, german conservative jurist and political theorist, best known for his critique of liberalism, his definition of politics as based on the distinction between friends and enemies, and his overt support of nazism. Specifically, it challenges the assumption that schmitt s political theology is grounded in divine. Indagini su epimeteo tra ivan illich, konrad weiss e carl schmitt pdf in italian.
Carl schmitt quotes author of the concept of the political. Jan 15, 2006 carl schmitt was an early 20th century jurist and legal scholar who developed a number of the most significant concepts of political theory. In the exception the power of real life breaks through the crust of a mechanism that has become torpid by repetition. Pdf the theology of carl schmitts political theology.
For schmitt, the political is reducible to the existential distinction between friend and enemy. Schmitt wrote extensively about the effective wielding of political power. It is much cited by contemporary political and legal theorists, but those citations often seem to refer to just two canonical sentences. This logic would be taken to its limit by lenin and mao tsetungsomething we still have to show later on. Political representation representation means the making present of something that is nevertheless not literally present. This chapter argues that his concept of political theology must be understood within the. Grounding this is the question which concerns which god or which goddess grounds any past, present, or future political theology. Dimensions of the new debate around carl schmitt the basic gist of schmitt s concept of the political can be stated rather easily.
The myth of the closure of any political theology polity, 2008 1970 carl schmitt, the concept of the political chicago, 2006 1927 political theology in midtwentieth century german theology. Four chapters on the concept of sovereignty chicago, 2004 1922 carl schmitt, political theology ii. Carl schmitt and medieval chris tian political thought. This paper does not challenge this turn, but questions what theology means for.1205 156 93 1331 384 317 1153 606 61 751 3 1181 1154 1151 1157 480 945 1450 1131 912 1505 557 83 476 781 1481 894 774 461 32 1039 1145 96 153 202 1487 756 1187 1388 369 955 1114 1087 90 1490 739